Ulrike Marie Meinhof (7 October 1934 – 9 May 1976) was a German left-wing terrorist. She co-founded the Red Army Faction ( Rote Armee Fraktion ) in 1970 after having previously worked as a journalist for the monthly left-wing magazine konkret . She was arrested in 1972, and eventually charged with numerous murders and the formation of a criminal association. Before the trial concluded, Meinhof was found hanged in her prison cell in 1976.
The Red Army Faction or Red Army Fraction ( RAF ; German : Rote Armee Fraktion ), in its early stages commonly known as the Baader-Meinhof Group or Baader-Meinhof Gang ( German : Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe, Baader-Meinhof-Bande ), was a West German far-left terrorist group supported by the Stasi .   The RAF was founded in 1970 by Andreas Baader , Gudrun Ensslin , Horst Mahler , and Ulrike Meinhof . [a] The West German government considered the Red Army Faction to be a terrorist organization. [b]